Properties Protected in Costa Rica

Costa Rica is among the most significant biodiversity hotspots in the globe. One can contribute to the
conservation of the remarkable fauna by making an investment in sustainability through the utilization
of these meticulously chosen properties in the preeminent eco-destination on the planet. We extend to
you the opportunity to actively participate in the continuous endeavor to preserve the environment
through the acquisition of a property that will have a significant impact.

Each of the properties on this list has a distinct conservation objective. Those who wish to ensure that
their investment is environmentally friendly and sustainable should refer to this section.
For sale are also parcels of land comprising less than fifty percent of their total area in standing forest.
Presently, conservation-minded individuals have the greatest opportunity to promote forest growth by
purchasing these items and allowing the forest to return.

Approximately 28% of Costa Rica’s total land area has been designated for protected purposes, with
nearly half of this landmass being comprised of national parks. A region teeming with plant and animal
life, Costa Rica is home to an estimated 5 percent of the world’s biodiversity.

Indeed, with over 600 species of fauna per 10,000 square kilometers, Costa Rica ranks fourth globally in
terms of biodiversity per square kilometer. El Salvador, Brunei, and Belize rank higher.

Given the ecological diversity of the country, it is unsurprising that the Costa Rican government has
designated specific regions within its borders as protected lands in an effort to preserve its natural
treasures.

What, however, are protected lands? How do they function, and what percentage of the country’s land
is designated as such? Protected lands, also referred to as conservation areas, encompass a variety of
legally designated locations within a nation-state—in this instance, Costa Rica—with the explicit
intention of preserving natural resources.

These regions are frequently acknowledged for their intrinsic ecological, natural, or cultural worth,
similar to the varied fauna found in Costa Rica. The extent of human presence or resource exploitation
in these areas is restricted, if it occurs at all, in accordance with the legislation that regulates them.
Protected lands in Costa Rica consist of national parks, indigenous sanctuaries, and nature refuges.
Certain sections of protected land function as “corridors” connecting enclaves of forest, facilitating the
unimpeded movement of flora and fauna between these regions.

There are also regions comprising substantial portions of the ocean and littoral as well as marine
environments.

The public is generally permitted to visit these national parks, which serve as educational resources
regarding the conservation endeavors of Costa Rica, contingent upon their protection status. A
significant number of the 28 national parks in Costa Rica are accessible by tour or independently.

La Amistad International Park, also known as Parque Internacional La Amistad, is the most expansive of
these national parks, encompassing over 400,000 hectares of tropical forests situated in the vicinity of
the Talamanca Mountain Range.

The remaining protected areas in Costa Rica consist of wildlife corridors, indigenous native reserves, and
wildlife refuges, as mentioned previously. Typically inaccessible to the general public, these regions are
restricted to naturalists and biologists conducting research on the indigenous ecosystem.

Reserves are areas of land where the indigenous people of Costa Rica can continue to exist without
interference from the outside world. Depending on the preferences of the locals, some of these areas
may be accessible to the public; however, unless otherwise specified, non-natives are not permitted to
enter these areas without a guide.

Certain indigenous communities residing in these regions are granted a nominal stipend by the
government in exchange for their assistance in preserving the pristine condition of the surrounding
forests.

Without being designated as national parks or reserves, the remaining protected territories in Costa Rica
are known as nature refuges. Conservation is the primary objective of these areas, which are
comparable to national parks but are typically inaccessible to the general public.

However, specific circumstances permit naturalists, biologists, and certain students access to the region.
Sixty wildlife refuges, thirty protected zones, eleven forest reserves, eight biological reserves, and at
least fifteen protected wetland or mangrove areas are located in Costa Rica.

Deforestation posed a significant threat to Costa Rica at the turn of the 20th century, resulting in the
extinction of numerous animal species, some of which have yet to be catalogued or identified.

The extensive deforestation that occurred in Costa Rica can be attributed to the substantial land
requirements, specifically for plantation construction and cattle ranching. Ultimately, this particular land
utilization pattern was determined to be unsustainable. Research conducted in the 1960s established
that the perpetuation of deforestation would inevitably result in an ecological catastrophe. Many Costa
Ricans will be forced to contend with the depletion of natural resources as a consequence of this
collapse.

A cabinet position was established in the 1980s under the Costa Rican government, with the
responsibility of safeguarding and conserving the nation’s natural resources.

The establishment of the Costa Rican National Conservation Strategy for Sustainable Development in the
latter part of the decade ultimately resulted in the formulation of significant policies and initiatives
aimed at environmental preservation in Costa Rica.

The establishment of Costa Rica’s national parks system, as well as a number of other policies designed
to promote sustainable economic development, can be attributed to the strategy itself.

Additionally, these policies facilitated the development of ecotourism, debt reduction via conservation
efforts, and cooperative ventures between the private sector and government entities. Costa Ricans
were able to preserve their natural resources without compromising their economic prosperity due to
this program.

Program for Debt for Nature in Costa Rica
The Debt for Nature Program is among the most effective initiatives implemented by the Costa Rican
government in order to sustain its conservation endeavors. Significant assistance from non-Costa Rican
organizations is devoted to this program.

This initiative entails the Costa Rican government reaching a consensus to refrain from extracting
natural resources from designated areas. By reciprocating, specific conservation organizations will
purchase off a portion of the national debt of Costa Rica, thereby capitalizing on the country’s abundant
biodiversity.

The government may also use the funds generated from these agreements to assist in compensating the
citizens who ultimately depend on these protected areas.

Poaching is a significant concern for the fauna of Costa Rica, often perpetrated by impoverished
individuals residing in the vicinity of the protected areas. In exchange for a monthly honorarium from
Costa Rica, these individuals will not only refrain from poaching endangered species, but also contribute
to the region’s poaching prevention efforts.

Participating in one of the more fruitful Debt for Nature Program exchanges was the Nature
Conservancy. The Nature Conservancy has contributed to the reduction of Costa Rica’s national debt by
$80 million at a cost of approximately $13 million. Due to the funds, it has conserved, Costa Rica has
agreed to allocate a minimum of $40 million towards its additional conservation initiatives as a
component of the agreement.

(or an exclusive reserve). Numerous picturesque sites abound in this natural marvel, providing ideal
conditions for jungle cabinas, platforms to observe wildlife, or a low-impact fantasy home that provides
unparalleled privacy and breathtaking vistas.

A sustainable mixed fruit plantation could generate a viable income to support responsible stewardship
while also contributing to conservation objectives through the establishment of forest cover and wildlife
attraction. A permaculture orchard and a few small structures would have a significantly smaller
ecological footprint than the ongoing expansion of livestock pasture, which is endangering the jungle
through the use of herbicides and slash-and-burn clearing techniques. By seamlessly integrating a
limited number of meticulously designed structures into the natural surroundings, this enchanted estate
could be appreciated while concurrently safeguarding and conserving the ecological integrity.

Restricting or preventing excessive and unsustainable development in the vicinity of the lake is of
utmost importance for preserving the integrity of the corridor. Numerous local proprietors engage in
indiscriminate wildlife hunting, including the overexploitation of native wildcats, their natural prey.

Herbicide usage is pervasive, often without due regard for the potential impacts on environmental
biodiversity.

Priority conservation efforts will be devoted to the restoration of degraded lands and the preservation
of the remaining forest in this area. This will substantially fortify the corridor, providing a secure haven
for migrating animals and a haven for biodiversity to thrive as they enter the adjacent wilderness
reserves.

Strategic reforestation projects that incorporate a variety of fruit-bearing, fast-growing native trees are
an excellent way to generate viable habitat and entice wildlife to return to the region. The Jaguar Project
provides free counsel and support to assist organizations in obtaining financial assistance for
reforestation via the FONAFIFO program of the government. Volunteers and local biological specialists
with expertise in sustainable agriculture and tropical plants are available to assist with the
administration and implementation of a reforestation project or sustainable permaculture plantation.

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